Information on Laura’s Law Implementation in OC

Laura’s Law is a California state law that allows for court-ordered assisted outpatient treatment or forced anti-psychotics in most cases for those who strictly meet the legal criteria.

On May 13, 2014 the Orange County Board of Supervisors unanimously passed a resolution to implement Laura’s Law.  This law provides court-ordered treatment for persons with severe mental illness who meet specific criteria who are resistant to obtaining or maintaining treatment through the provision of Assisted Outpatient Treatment (AOT).  The Orange County Health Care Agency began implementation of Laura’s Law on October 1, 2014 and has initiated local trainings to provide information about who qualifies and who can make a referral. This information in listed below:

Who Can Request AOT?

  • Immediate adult family members
  • Adults residing with the individual
  • Director of treating agency, organization, facility or hospital
  • Treating licensed mental health professional
  • Peace officer, parole or probation officer supervising the individual

Who Qualifies for AOT?

  • County resident, minimum 18 years of age
  • Person is suffering from a mental illness
  • Clinical determination that the person is unlikely to survive safely in the community without supervision
  • The person has been offered chance to participate in development of their treatment plan for services and continues to fail to become involved
  • Person’s condition is substantially deteriorating
  • AOT would be the least restrictive placement, that is appropriate and feasible, and necessary to ensure recovery and stability
  • History of lack of compliance with treatment for his or her mental illness, and at least one of the two following conditions is true:
    1. Person’s mental illness has, at least twice within the last 36 months, been a substantial factor in requiring hospitalization, or services in a forensic or mental health unit of a state or local correctional facility.
    2. Person’s mental illness resulted in one or more acts of serious violent behavior toward himself or herself or another, or threatens, or attempts to cause physical harm to himself or herself or another within the last 48 months.

A Hotline is available for AOT referral and criteria verification. Please call 1-855-HCA-1421 or  1-855-422-1421, Monday through Friday, between 8:00 am and 5:00 pm

Additional information can be found at ochealthinfo.

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